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academic locus of control academic procrastination school satisfaction structural equation modeling

A Structural Equation Modeling of Academic Locus of Control, Procrastination, and Their Impact on School Satisfaction: Insights From the Azerbaijani Educational System

Elnur Rustamov , Ulkar Zalova Nuriyeva , Malak Allahverdiyeva , Tahmasib Abbasov , Narinj Rustamova

Examining the academic locus of control, procrastination, and school satisfaction is crucial for understanding student well-being and educational outc.


Examining the academic locus of control, procrastination, and school satisfaction is crucial for understanding student well-being and educational outcomes. The purpose of this study was to explore the potential mediating role of academic procrastination in the association between academic locus of control and school satisfaction in a sample of adolescents (N = 628; Mage = 13.30, SD = 1.74) residing in various regions of Azerbaijan. The results revealed that higher levels of internal locus of control were positively related to school satisfaction, while increased levels of external locus of control were negatively associated with school satisfaction. The analysis using structural equation modeling showed that school satisfaction was partially influenced by academic procrastination, which acted as a mediator in the relationship between internal locus of control and school satisfaction. Additionally, academic procrastination fully mediated the relationship between external locus of control and school satisfaction. These findings were further discussed in the context of existing literature, and recommendations were provided for future research in this area.

Keywords: Academic locus of control, academic procrastination, school satisfaction, structural equation modeling.

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