logo logo International Journal of Educational Methodology

IJEM is a leading, peer-reviewed, open access, research journal that provides an online forum for studies in education, by and for scholars and practitioners, worldwide.

Subscribe to

Receive Email Alerts

for special events, calls for papers, and professional development opportunities.

Subscribe

Publisher (HQ)

RHAPSODE LTD
Eurasian Society of Educational Research
College House, 2nd Floor 17 King Edwards Road, Ruislip, London, UK. HA4 7AE
RHAPSODE LTD
Headquarters
College House, 2nd Floor 17 King Edwards Road, Ruislip, London, UK. HA4 7AE
menu_book Articles in Press

Volume 9 Issue 3 (August 2023)

Measurement Invariance and Latent Profile Analysis of the Test Anxiety Inventory

adolescent latent profile analysis measurement invariance test

Kingsley Chinaza Nwosu , W. P. Wahl , Gregory P. Hickman , Moses Onyemaechi Ede , Mary Nneka Nwikpo


...

Researchers have recognized the need for updates of test anxiety scales for more measurement accuracy. However, studies that investigated the measurement invariance of the Test Anxiety Inventory (TAI), and identified the latent profiles remain scare not withstanding its wide usage in Nigeria. This might have an impact on how generalizability and reliance on outcomes from such an instrument are handled. We investigated the measurement invariance of TAI and the latent profiles among Nigerian adolescents. Gender constituted our focus in the measurement invariance given its significance in test anxiety research. Adolescent students (n=539) formed the sample of our study. We employed the confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and the latent profile analysis (LPA) to measure the invariance and identify the class profiles. We found evidence of a measurement invariance across gender in both competing models given that we obtained strict measurement invariance. We also identified a four-class profile model for both male and female students: low (17.50%; 19.00%), moderate (17.50%; 34.40%), high (36.80 %; 32.80%), and very high (12.60%; 13.80%) test anxiety profiles respectively. We concluded that while the composed factors are equivalently scaled across gender that test anxious students were not monolithic given the identified profiles.

description Abstract
visibility View cloud_download PDF
10.12973/ijem.9.3.451
Pages: 451-461
cloud_download 268
visibility 742
0
Article Metrics
Views
268
Download
742
Citations
Crossref
0

Scopus
0

...

Private universities in Indonesia need to urgently enhance the lecturers' organizational citizenship behavior (OCB), especially in overcoming a transition period of learning patterns after the COVID-19 pandemic from online to offline. Therefore, this research explores employability, personality, and talent management affect OCB and proves job involvement mediates employability, personality, and talent management influences OCB. It was conducted through a survey using a Likert scale questionnaire with 230 participants of lecturers from Indonesian private universities. Path analysis supplemented by descriptive and correlational analysis was used as a data analysis technique. The results showed that employability, personality, talent management, and job involvement significantly affect OCB. In addition, job involvement mediates employability, personality, talent management influences OCB. Therefore, a new empirical model regarding employability, personality, and talent management affect OCB with job involvement mediation was developed. Accordingly, researchers and practitioners can utilize for the model in their future activities.

description Abstract
visibility View cloud_download PDF
10.12973/ijem.9.3.463
Pages: 463-476
cloud_download 337
visibility 824
0
Article Metrics
Views
337
Download
824
Citations
Crossref
0

Scopus
0

...

This exploratory and descriptive study aims to theoretically promote the schema of pseudo-thinking processes in mathematical problem-solving by students. The participants in this study were 36 eighth graders and one math teacher. The researchers collected the data using tests and interviews. The results showed that the structure of pseudo-thinking based on the processes of assimilation and accommodation is theoretically composed of five hierarchical components, namely (a) the structure of the problem, (b) the structure of the subject's thinking, (c) the analytic process, (d) the integration of structures or substructures, and (e) the complete integration of structures. When the subject integrates incomplete substructures into existing thinking schemes, assimilation or accommodation becomes imperfect, resulting in cognitive disequilibrium. The results of such a thought process are called pseudo-thinking. Pseudo-thinking processes can be refined and improved into actual thinking processes through reflection and scaffolding. Assimilation and accommodation occur through defragmentation or organization to rearrange the internal schema so that full structural integration occurs. In the end, the subject experiences cognitive equilibrium so that it becomes an actual student thought process.

description Abstract
visibility View cloud_download PDF
10.12973/ijem.9.3.477
Pages: 477-491
cloud_download 296
visibility 701
0
Article Metrics
Views
296
Download
701
Citations
Crossref
0

Scopus
0

...

This article aims to identify the psychological factors of students that correlate with the smart risk-taking behavior of high school students in Indonesia. The data in this study were distributed to 227 students from 3 (three) regions in Indonesia and evaluated using the Partial Least Square Structural Equation Modeling (PLS-SEM) analysis technique. This study found that students' self-confidence was the biggest factor influencing the increase in smart risk-taking behavior, followed by the intention to learn chemistry and teacher support responses. These three factors were found to positively and significantly influence smart risk-taking behavior. However, we found that the smart risk-taking behavior of high school students in Indonesia is still poor. Therefore, it is necessary to have a learning strategy to utilize information technology in chemistry learning. We made several contributions, such as (a) developing a conceptual framework of psychological factors that can increase students' smart risk-taking behavior in chemistry learning that has not been extensively researched and developed by previous researchers; and (b) mapping out how the three psychological factors of students can be maximized to increase smart risk-taking behavior. For this reason, this research is expected to provide practical and academic contributions that can be used as a reference for bank management and further research.

description Abstract
visibility View cloud_download PDF
10.12973/ijem.9.3.493
Pages: 493-507
cloud_download 208
visibility 409
0
Article Metrics
Views
208
Download
409
Citations
Crossref
0

Scopus
0

...

The researcher assessed the subject teachers’ levels of satisfaction and/or dissatisfaction using the Herzberg Two-Factor Theory. The study assesses employee motivation and hygiene, as discussed in the first part of the study about exploring the socio-demographic profile and job satisfaction level among teachers in Alaska. Frederick Herzberg (1923–2000) was a well-known author, and his work was praised by the Harvard Business Review. His theory has been widely accepted by many different groups and studies, with many people adapting and applying the theory to business management. For many years, teachers have been leaving school districts, particularly in Alaska, and this project seeks to investigate the causes of this phenomenon. Running a school is like running a business, except your clients or customers are students and parents. You must be able to choose what type of education they require. Schools have a system structure that is like a business. A school district that oversees several schools is analogous to a conglomerate that oversees a group of businesses. The study was conducted in the Bering Strait School District, in northwest Alaska, which serves fifteen isolated villages and two islands. Various methods including survey questionnaires, interviews and data gathering, were used and implemented. Out of 30 targeted respondents, 13 had high hygiene and high motivator factor (HHHM) scores and were further analyzed through interviews, with the data gathered subjected to thematic analysis. It was noted that some of the factors that affected the respondents in leaving their school are professional-related reasons, professional growth, job stability, physiological growth, no consistent reliable childcare options or childcare, very cold weather, and emotional reasons. Lack of these factors can influence the participants to seek such services elsewhere—from another workplace that can provide them with these services, and thus give them comfort, and peace of mind as well.

description Abstract
visibility View cloud_download PDF
10.12973/ijem.9.3.509
Pages: 509-524
cloud_download 268
visibility 477
0
Article Metrics
Views
268
Download
477
Citations
Crossref
0

Scopus
0

Analysis of Pedagogical Content Knowledge in Science Teacher Education: A Systematic Review 2011-2021

pedagogical content knowledge (pck) science teacher education teaching

Alejandro Almonacid-Fierro , Sergio Sepúlveda-Vallejos , Karla Valdebenito , Noelva Montoya-Grisales , Mirko Aguilar-Valdés


...

Pedagogical content knowledge (PCK) consists of a set of understandings, knowledge, skills, and dispositions necessary for effective performance in specific teaching and learning situations. Using Scopus, EBSCO, and Web of Science databases, the study examines the progress of the PCK in science teacher education between 2011 and 2021. In total, 59 articles were reviewed, and 13 were selected according to the inclusion criteria. Among the findings, it stands out that the articles emphasize a series of tools used when teaching applied sciences, such as the use of educational technologies beyond the textbook or the integration of students' thinking. The articles state that PCK transcends subject knowledge and leads to subject knowledge for teaching. Finally, the literature has tried to answer how science teachers use PCK in the classroom, demonstrating strategies and practical value, both of which are vital for the functioning and application of their educational work.

description Abstract
visibility View cloud_download PDF
10.12973/ijem.9.3.525
Pages: 525-534
cloud_download 277
visibility 523
0
Article Metrics
Views
277
Download
523
Citations
Crossref
0

Scopus
0

The Pedagogical Role of the Primary-School Headteacher: Insights From Greece

headteacher pedagogical leadership school principal school climate school life

Nikolaos Alexopoulos , Thomas Babalis , Konstantina Tsoli , Stavroula Delioridou


...

The pedagogical and didactic guidance of teachers has been linked, in the relevant literature, to the school management’s adoption of the model of pedagogical leadership as well as to the assurance of a series of factors that influence it. This study aims at investigating the pedagogical role of the principal in Greek primary schools. Data were collected through an anonymous questionnaire completed by 133 Greek primary school head teachers. Results show that head teachers consider that their pedagogical role has mainly to do with the pedagogical climate, psychosocial and pedagogical guidance of the school unit. Additionally, the research results show that head teachers carry out their pedagogical role cooperating and communicating mainly with the members of the educational community of the school. Another noteworthy finding of the present study is that the factors that support head teachers in their pedagogical leadership role, are hard to exist in hierarchical educational realities such as Greece. The originality of the paper draws attention to the school's socio-economic environment, which significantly influences school leadership. Conclusions on the implications of the study are made and directions for future research are suggested.

description Abstract
visibility View cloud_download PDF
10.12973/ijem.9.3.535
Pages: 535-549
cloud_download 280
visibility 531
0
Article Metrics
Views
280
Download
531
Citations
Crossref
0

Scopus
0

Validation of the Adolescent Social Identity Measure: Adolescents’ Perception of Themselves in a Social Context

adolescents confirmatory factor analysis social identity validation

Annemaree Carroll , Julie M. Bower , Jenny Povey , Sandy Muspratt , Holly Chen


...

Social identity is an important social determinant of student outcomes such as mental health and well-being. Currently, no validated social identity measures exist for adolescents in secondary school settings. A new ‘Adolescent Social Identity’ measure was developed by adapting two social identity dimensions from a validated reputation enhancement scale. The Social Identity Measure comprises two scales of 10 items each to measure how adolescents think their peers view them (e.g., reputational status) in terms of their conforming and nonconforming behaviour (Self-perception of Public Self) and how adolescents would ideally like to be viewed (Ideal Public Self) by peers. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were conducted along with assessments of reliability, validity, and measurement invariance. Conforming and Nonconforming subscales for both scales were shown to be reliable, valid, and invariant across age and gender groupings. There were significant but small differences in the latent means for gender.

description Abstract
visibility View cloud_download PDF
10.12973/ijem.9.3.551
Pages: 551-565
cloud_download 275
visibility 515
0
Article Metrics
Views
275
Download
515
Citations
Crossref
0

Scopus
0

...

We propose a plan to facilitate the development of backward constituent skills within a complex learning process through the manipulation of emphasis sequencing. To achieve this, we utilized perceptual offloading cues as supportive information in emphasis sequencing, taking into consideration principles of information processing and cognitive loads. We examined changes in cognitive loads (intrinsic load, extraneous load, and germane load) as the complexity of each component increased. Our sample included 56 college students from Gyeonggi-do province who were tasked with completing a series of progressively complex PowerPoint functions, focusing on the acquisition of constituent skills. The experiments were conducted over five sessions, with cognitive load measurements taken after the fourth session was concluded. Learning transfer was evaluated by collecting and assessing the students' work at the end of the fifth session. The results demonstrated significant effects of emphasis manipulation sequencing in reducing cognitive load and facilitating the learning transfer process. The use of offloaded perceptual cues in this manner proved to be an effective strategy for enhancing the development of constituent skills learned through emphasis manipulation sequencing, while effectively managing and minimizing cognitive load in complex learning scenarios.

description Abstract
visibility View cloud_download PDF
10.12973/ijem.9.3.567
Pages: 567-584
cloud_download 188
visibility 461
2
Article Metrics
Views
188
Download
461
Citations
Crossref
2

Scopus
0

...

As the globe gradually entered the post-pandemic phase, electronic portfolio practises during the COVID-19 pandemic should be examined for future implementation. During the lockdown, electronic portfolio use was observed in higher education institutions by urging the provision of teaching and learning in a virtual mode. Under these conditions, the study analyses empirical e-portfolio practices and proposes a co-design model for effective e-portfolio implementation. This study is based on a systematic review, which included searching for and retrieving 221 papers from academic paper databases in English, Chinese, and Spanish; systematic screening using the Rayyan tool and the PRISMA model; and finally, extracting 12 publications, which were analysed by VOS Viewer and Nvivo, focusing on collaboration. The data collected allows for gathering several patterns of collaboration in e-portfolio practice. Based on the results obtained, a co-design strategy is suggested, which includes collaborative frameworks in e-portfolio implementation processes such as the community of inquiry (CoI) and community of practice (CoP). The co-design strategy provides the formulation of implementation recommendations related to collaborative e-portfolio. Conclusions reflect on utilising e-portfolios collaboratively in higher education settings by presenting a co-design strategy that is supported by the CoI and CoP frameworks.

description Abstract
visibility View cloud_download PDF
10.12973/ijem.9.3.585
Pages: 585-601
cloud_download 305
visibility 584
2
Article Metrics
Views
305
Download
584
Citations
Crossref
2

Scopus
0

Chatbot Gamified and Automated Management of L2 Learning Process Using Smart Sender Platform

chatbot gamified and automated delivery english language learning and teaching higher education smart sender platform

Oleh Nozhovnik , Tetiana Harbuza , Natalia Teslenko , Olena Okhrimenko , Viktoriia Zalizniuk , Alla Durdas


...

The purpose of this study was to examine the potential impact of integrating the Smart Sender platform to gamify and automate L2 e-classes on students’ motivation, English language proficiency in reading and language use, engagement, and attitudes towards the platform. This experimental research employed a quasi-experimental design, specifically a non-equivalent control group design of a pre-test-post-test type. The study found that the use of chatbot-driven e-classes on the Smart Sender platform increased student motivation, improved their English language proficiency in reading and language usage, and enhanced their engagement within L2 e-classes. Students expressed their appreciation for the ease of use and usefulness of this chatbot-based tool for improving their English language skills. The findings showed that the scores for motivation, engagement, and English language proficiency increased for both the experimental and control groups from pre-test to post-test, with a large effect size observed for the experimental group and a medium effect size observed for the control group. The statistically significant difference in the mean scores between the experimental and control groups indicates the positive impact of incorporating gamified chatbot-driven sessions within L2 e-classes on the Smart Sender platform.

description Abstract
visibility View cloud_download PDF
10.12973/ijem.9.3.603
Pages: 603-618
cloud_download 246
visibility 518
0
Article Metrics
Views
246
Download
518
Citations
Crossref
0

Scopus
0

...