Research Article
Conceptualization, Development and Validation of an Instrument to Measure Learners’ Perceptions of their Active Learning Strategies within an Active Learning Context

Ronnie H. Shroff , Fridolin S. T. Ting, Wai Hung Lam, Tomasz Cecot, Jian Yang, Lap Ki Chan

APA 7th edition
Shroff, R.H., Ting, F.S.T., Lam, W.H., Cecot, T., Yang, J., & Chan, L.K. (2021). Conceptualization, Development And Validation Of An Instrument To Measure Learners’ Perceptions Of Their Active Learning Strategies Within An Active Learning Context. International Journal of Educational Methodology, 7(1), 201-223.

Shroff R.H., Ting F.S.T., Lam W.H., Cecot T., Yang J., and Chan L.K. 2021 'Conceptualization, Development And Validation Of An Instrument To Measure Learners’ Perceptions Of Their Active Learning Strategies Within An Active Learning Context', International Journal of Educational Methodology, 7(1), pp. 201-223.
Chicago 16th edition
Shroff Ronnie H., Ting Fridolin S. T., Lam Wai Hung, Cecot Tomasz, Yang Jian, and Chan Lap Ki. "Conceptualization, Development And Validation Of An Instrument To Measure Learners’ Perceptions Of Their Active Learning Strategies Within An Active Learning Context," International Journal of Educational Methodology 7, no. 1 (2021): 201-223.


This study describes the development and validation of a psychometrically-sound instrument, the Active Learning Strategies Inventory (ALSI), designed to measure learners’ perceptions of their active learning strategies within an active learning context. Active learning encompasses a broad range of pedagogical practices and instructional methods that connect with an individual learner's active learning strategies. In order to fulfill the study's goals, a conceptual framework on learners’ active learning strategies was developed and proposed, drawing upon the research literature on active learning. The development and construct validation of the Active Learning Strategies Inventory (ALSI), based on the conceptual and methodological underpinnings, involved identifying five scales of learners’ active learning strategies: engagement, cognitive processing, orientation to learning, readiness to learn and motivational orientation. An item pool of 20 items was generated following an extensive review of the literature, standardized card sorting procedures including confirmatory factor analysis and scale validation of a pilot (n = 407) survey. The ALSI scale demonstrated strong internal consistency and reliability with a Cronbach's alpha ranging from 0.81 to 0.87. High item loading scores from the factor analysis provided initial support for the instrument's construct validity of the five-factor model. The ALSI scale provides a reliable and valid method for researchers and academicians who wish to measure learners' perceptions of their active learning strategies within an active learning context. Finally, we discuss the implications and address the limitations and directions for future research.

Keywords: Active learning, instrument development, engagement, cognitive processing, orientation to learning.


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