logo logo International Journal of Educational Methodology

IJEM is a leading, peer-reviewed, open access, research journal that provides an online forum for studies in education, by and for scholars and practitioners, worldwide.

Subscribe to

Receive Email Alerts

for special events, calls for papers, and professional development opportunities.


Publisher (HQ)

Eurasian Society of Educational Research
College House, 2nd Floor 17 King Edwards Road, Ruislip, London, UK. HA4 7AE
College House, 2nd Floor 17 King Edwards Road, Ruislip, London, UK. HA4 7AE
development method intellectual disability quality of life training program methodology youth development

Family Perceptions About the Methodology of the “We All Are Campus” Training Program

José Antonio García-Candel , Abraham Bernárdez-Gómez , María Luisa Belmonte-Almagro

The transition to adulthood involves not only the acquisition of professional skills but also the development of social and emotional competencies tha.


The transition to adulthood involves not only the acquisition of professional skills but also the development of social and emotional competencies that enable individuals to fully integrate into society. The educational program "We all are campus" of the University of Murcia focuses on preparing young people with intellectual disabilities for the ultimate goal of employment. In this study, 30 family members or guardians of people with intellectual disabilities (PcDI) participated and were consulted about their perceptions of this educational program. The research was conducted using a mixed qualitative methodology, adopting a case study approach. The main results indicate that the training received by the students improves aspects such as their interpersonal relationships and development. In addition, it is relevant to highlight that the family members emphasize an increase in maturity and the knowledge of the people with intellectual disabilities who attended the program "We all are campus". It is concluded that there are several aspects that are relevant to the families, among them, the optimism and support that their relatives need in the face of the uncertainty of their future.

Keywords: Development method, intellectual disability, quality of life, training program methodology, youth development.

cloud_download PDF
Article Metrics



Abad Salgado, A. M. (2016). Familia y discapacidad: Consideraciones apreciativas desde la inclusión [Family and disability: Appreciative considerations from the perspective of inclusion]. Latinoamericana de Estudios de Familia, 8, 58-77. https://doi.org/10.17151/rlef.2016.8.5

Alarcón Lora, A. A., Munera Cavadias, L., & Montes Miranda, A. J. (2017). La teoría fundamentada en el marco de la investigación educativa [Grounded theory in the framework of educational research]. Saber, Ciencia y Libertad, 12(1), 236-245. https://doi.org/10.18041/2382-3240/saber.2017v12n1.1475

Almarza Franco, Y., & Pirela Morillo, J. (2016). Glasser y Strauss: Construyendo una teoría sobre apropiación de la gaita zuliana [Glasser and Strauss: Constructing a theory on appropriation of the gaita zuliana]. Revista de Ciencias Sociales, 22(4), 115-129. https://bit.ly/3Wy8oL8

Balcells-Balcells, A., Giné, C., Guàrdia-Olmos, J., Summers, J. A., & Mas, J. M. (2019). Impact of supports and partnership on family quality of life. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 85, 50-60. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2018.10.006

Belmonte, M. L., Bernárdez-Gómez, A., & Mirete, A. B. (2021). La voz del silencio: Evaluación cualitativa de prácticas de bullying en personas con discapacidad intelectual [The voice of silence: Qualitative assessment of bullying practices in people with intellectual disabilities]. Revista Brasileira de Educação Especial, 27, 215-230. https://doi.org/10.1590/1980-54702021v27e0027

Belmonte, M. L., Mirete, L., & Galián, B. (2020). Evaluación de la pertinencia del título universitario “Todos Somos Campus” dirigido a personas con discapacidad intelectual [Evaluation of the relevance of the university degree "We all are Campus" aimed at people with intellectual disabilities]. Revista Interuniversitaria de Formación del Profesorado: RIFOP, 34(1), 263-279. https://doi.org/10.47553/rifop.v34i1.77724

Bernárdez-Gómez, A. (2022). Vulnerabilidad, exclusión y trayectorias educativas de jóvenes en riesgo [Vulnerability, exclusion and educational trajectories of at-risk young people]. Dykinson. https://doi.org/10.2307/j.ctv2gz3s8d

Bernárdez Gómez, A., & Portela Pruaño, A. (2023). School dynamics and their role in the educational trajectories of at-risk students. European Journal of Educational Research, 12(1), 493-505. https://doi.org/10.12973/eu-jer.12.1.493

Bronfenbrenner, U. (2004). Making human beings human. Bioecological perspectives on human development. Sage.

Córdoba Andrade, L. (2017). Calidad de vida, un modelo clave en la atención a personas con discapacidad intelectual desde la perspectiva ecológica [Quality of life, a key model in the care of people with intellectual disabilities from an ecological perspective]. Revista Electrónica de Educación Especial y Familia, 8(2), 6-13. https://bit.ly/3ucEjVF

de Azevedo, T. L., Cia, F., & Spinazola, C. d. C. (2019). Correlation between marital relationship, family routine, social support, necessities and quality of life of parents and mothers of children with disability. Revista Brasileira de Educação Especial, 25(2), 203-215. https://doi.org/10.1590/s1413-65382519000200002

de Verdier, K., Fernell, E., & Ek, U. (2020). Blindness and autism: Parents’ perspectives on diagnostic challenges, support needs and support provision. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 50, 1921-1930. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-019-03944-y

Eldeniz Cetin, M., & Cay, E. (2020). Examining leisure activity engagement of students with intellectual disability. International Journal of Educational Methodology, 6(1), 57-66. https://doi.org/10.12973/ijem.6.1.57

García-Candel, J. A., Belmonte, M. L., & Bernárdez-Gómez, A. (2023). Expectations of personal life development and decision-making in people with moderate intellectual disabilities. Journal of Intelligence, 11(24), Article 24. https://doi.org/10.3390/jintelligence11020024

García-Grau, P., McWilliams, R. A., Martínez-Rico, G., & Morales-Murrillo, C. P. (2019). Child, family, and early intervention characteristics related to family quality of life in Spain. Journal of Early Intervention, 41(1), 44-61. https://doi.org/10.1177/1053815118803772

García Ortiz, K. D., Quintero Acosta, S. M., Trespalacios Andrade, S. K., & Fernández-Delgado, M.-K. (2021). Sobrecarga y calidad de vida en cuidadores familiares de personas con discapacidad intelectual [Overload and quality of life in family caregivers of people with intellectual disabilities]. Gaceta Médica de Caracas, 129(1), 65-73. https://doi.org/10.47307/GMC.2021.129.1.9

Hargreaves, C. A. (2015). Analysis of hotel guest satisfaction ratings and reviews: An application in Singapore. American Journal of Marketing Research1(4), 208-214. https://bit.ly/3HARzGA

Hernández Sampieri, R., Fernández Collado, C., & Baptista Lucio, M. (2014). Recolección de datos cuantitativos [Quantitative data collection]. In R. Hernández Sampieri (Ed.), Metodología de la investigación (pp. 194-267). McGraw-Hill.

Luckasson, R., & Schalock, R. L. (2013). Defining and applying a functionality approach to intellectual disability. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 57(7), 657-668. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2788.2012.01575.x

Manzanera-Román, S., & Brändle Señán, G. (2019). The type of disability as a differential factor in entrepreneurship. Journal of Entrepreneurship Education, 22(S2), 1-6. https://bit.ly/4dExY7d

Martínez Rueda, N., Fernández Gonzales, A., Orcasitas Garcia, J. R., Montero Centeno, D., & Villaescusa Peral, M. (2016). Diseño de un programa de apoyo a la calidad de vida de familias con jóvenes y adultos con discapacidad intelectual [Design of a program to support the quality of life of families with youth and adults with intellectual disabilities]. Siglo Cero, 47(3), 47-67. https://doi.org/10.14201/scero20164734767

Mirete, A. B., Belmonte, M. L., Mirete, L., & García-Sanz, M. P. (2022). Predictors of attitudes about people with intellectual disabilities: Empathy for a change towards inclusion. International Journal of Developmental Disabilities, 68(5), 615-623. https://doi.org/10.1080/20473869.2020.1851122

Misura, A. K., & Memisevic, H. (2017). Quality of life of parents of children with intellectual disabilities in Croatia. Journal of Educational and Social Research, 7(2), 43-48. https://doi.org/10.5901/jesr.2017.v7n2p43

Pallisera Díaz, M., Fullana Noell, J., Puyaltó Rovira, C., Vilà Suñé, M., Valls Gabernet, M. J., Díaz Garolera, G., & Castro Belmonte, M. (2018). Retos para la vida independiente de las personas con discapacidad intelectual. Un estudio basado en sus opiniones, las de sus familias y las de los profesionales [Challenges to independent living for people with intellectual disabilities. A study based on their views, those of their families and those of professionals]. Revista Española de Discapacidad, 6(1), 7-29. https://doi.org/10.5569/2340-5104.06.01.01

Park, J., Hoffman, L., Marquis, J., Turnbull, A. P., Poston, D., Man­nan, H., Wang, M., & Nelson, L. L. (2003). Toward assessing family outcomes of service delivery: Validation of a family quality of life survey. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 47(4-5), 367-384. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2788.2003.00497.x

Park, J., Turnbull, A. P., & Turnbull, H. R. (2002). Impacts of poverty on quality of life in families with children with disabilities. Exceptional Children, 68(2), 151-170. https://doi.org/10.1177/001440290206800201

Patton, M. Q. (2014). Qualitative research & evaluation methods: Integrating theory and practice. Sage publications.

Patton, M. Q. (2022). Impact-driven qualitative research and evaluation. In U. Flick (Ed.), The SAGE handbook of qualitative research design (pp. 1165-1180). SAGE Publications Ltd. https://doi.org/10.4135/9781529770278

Peral, M. V., Martinez-Rueda, N., & Atutxa, G. Y. (2022). Enfoque centrado en la familia en las entidades de personas con discapacidad intelectual y del desarrollo: Conceptualización y orientaciones para la puesta en práctica [Family-centered approach in organizations for people with intellectual and developmental disabilities: Conceptualization and guidelines for implementation]. Zerbitzuan: Gizarte Zerbitzuetarako Aldizkaria= Revista de Servicios Sociales, (76), 47-58. https://doi.org/10.5569/1134-7147.76.03

Poston, D., Turnbull, A., Park, J., Mannan, H., Marquis, J., & Wang, M. (2003). Family quality of life: A qualitative inquiry. Mental retardation, 41(5), 313-328. https://bit.ly/3JXVezu

Resch, J. A., Mireles, G., Benz, M. R., Grenwelge, C., Peterson, R., & Zhang, D. (2010). Giving parents a voice: A qualitative study of the challenges experienced by parents of children with disabilities. Rehabilitation Psychology, 55(2), 139-150. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0019473

Rivard, M., Mercier, C., Mestari, Z., Terroux, A., Mello, K., & Bégin, J. (2017). Psychometric properties of the beach center family quality of life in French-speaking families with a preschool-aged child diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder. American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 122(5), 439-452. https://bit.ly/3UMOhXc

Schalock, R. L., & Verdugo, M. Á. (2007). El concepto de Calidad de vida en los servicios y apoyos para personas con discapacidad intelectual [The concept of Quality of Life in services and supports for people with intellectual disabilities]. Siglo Cero, 38(4), 21-36. https://bit.ly/4beu2sD

Schalock, R. L., & Verdugo, M. A. (2002). The concept of quality of life in human services: A handbook for human service practitioners. American Association on Mental Retardation.

Solis García, P., & Lago-Urbano, R. (2020). Familia y discapacidad intelectual: Necesidades percibidas en el contexto familiar [Family and intellectual disability: Perceived needs in the family context]. Familia. Revista de Ciencia y Orientación familiar, (58), 65-80. https://doi.org/10.36576/summa.131283

Strauss, A., & Corbin, J. (2002). Bases de la investigación cualitativa: Técnicas y procedimientos para desarrollar la teoría fundamentada [Basics of qualitative research: Techniques and procedures for developing grounded theory]. Universidad de Antioquia.

Taylor, S. J., Bogdan, R., & DeVault, M. (2015). Introduction to qualitative research methods: A guidebook and resource. John Wiley & Sons. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781394260485

Turnbull, H., Summers, J., Poston, D., & Beegle, G. (2000, August 1-6). Enhancing family quality of life through partnerships and core concepts of disability policy [Paper presentation]. 11th IASSID World Congress, Seattle, Washington, USA.

Valladares, Y. C., Frómeta, D. C., García, E. D., & Heredia, L. M. M. (2022). Clasificación Internacional del Funcionamiento, la Discapacidad y la Salud aplicada a personas con discapacidad posictus [International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health as applied to persons with post-stroke disability]. Revista Cubana de Medicina Física y Rehabilitación14(3), Article e758. https://bit.ly/48KhPKC

Zapata Albán, M. d. P., & Galarza Iglesias, A. M. (2020). Calidad de vida de las familias con personas en condición de discapacidad intelectual: Un estudio descriptivo [Quality of life of families with people with intellectual disabilities: A descriptive study]. Revista Facultad Nacional de Salud Pública38(3), 1-11. https://bit.ly/3SwGDjF