logo logo International Journal of Educational Methodology

IJEM is a leading, peer-reviewed, open access, research journal that provides an online forum for studies in education, by and for scholars and practitioners, worldwide.

Subscribe to

Receive Email Alerts

for special events, calls for papers, and professional development opportunities.

Subscribe

Publisher (HQ)

RHAPSODE
Eurasian Society of Educational Research
College House, 2nd Floor 17 King Edwards Road, Ruislip, London, UK. HA4 7AE
RHAPSODE
Headquarters
College House, 2nd Floor 17 King Edwards Road, Ruislip, London, UK. HA4 7AE
critical thinking skills electric field misconception physics learning

How Critical Thinking Skills Influence Misconception in Electric Field

Maison Maison , M. Hidayat , Dwi Agus Kurniawan , Fauziah Yolviansyah , Rizka Octavia Sandra , Muhammad Iqbal

This study aimed to determine the influence of critical thinking skills on misconceptions using a five-tier instrument in mixed-method research. The s.

T

This study aimed to determine the influence of critical thinking skills on misconceptions using a five-tier instrument in mixed-method research. The sampling technique used is simple random sampling. The data collection instrument used a critical thinking skills questionnaire, a misconception test of electric field material, and interviews. Data collection begins with quantitative data, providing a misconception test sheet and a critical thinking skills questionnaire. After that, the researcher took qualitative data in the form of interviews to strengthen data that had been obtained previously. Then from the results of the regression coefficients, there is an influence of critical thinking skills on misconceptions. The descriptive results of critical thinking skills data show that the mean of critical thinking skills is 68.50, which means that students' critical thinking skills are in a good category. Then from the results of the regression coefficients, there is an effect of critical thinking skills on a misconception, with the probability number obtained being significant. The limitations of this study are only to identify and see the impact.

Keywords: Critical thinking skills, electric field, misconception, physics learning.

cloud_download PDF
Cite
Article Metrics
Views
399
Download
689
Citations
Crossref
3

Scopus
5

References

Abrahams, I., Homer, M., Sharpe, R., & Zhou, M. (2015). A comparative cross-cultural study of the prevalence and nature of misconceptions in physics amongst English and Chinese undergraduate students. Research in Science and Technological Education, 33(1), 111–130. https://doi.org/10.1080/02635143.2014.987744

Afrianita, L. (2021). Pengembangan tes diagnostik miskonsepsi berbentuk four-tier pada materi listrik statis [Development of the diagnostic test of four-tier misconceptions in static electricity] [Master's thesis, Universitas Jambi]. Repository Universitas Jambi. https://repository.unja.ac.id/23194/

Amrhein, V., Trafimow, D., & Greenland, S. (2019). Inferential statistics as descriptive statistics: There is no replication crisis if we don’t expect replication. American Statistician, 73(sup1), 262–270. https://doi.org/10.1080/00031305.2018.1543137

Ariani, T. (2020). Analysis of students ’ critical thinking skills in physics problems. Kasuari: Physics Education Journal, 3(1), 1–17. https://doi.org/10.37891/kpej.v3i1.119

Arieska, P. K., & Herdiani, N. (2018). Pemilihan teknik samping berdasarkan perhitungan efesiensi relatif [Selection of sampling techniques based on relative efficiency calculations]. Jurnal Statistika, 6(2), 166–171. https://bit.ly/3w91P3R

Arslan, H. O., Cigdemoglu, C., & Moseley, C. (2012). A three-tier diagnostic test to assess pre-service teachers’ misconceptions about global warming, greenhouse effect, ozone layer depletion, and acid rain. International Journal of Science Education, 34(11), 1667–1686. https://doi.org/10.1080/09500693.2012.680618

Ashari, L. H., Lestari, W., & Hidayat, T. (2016). Instrumen penilaian unjuk kerja siswa SMP kelas VIII dengan model peer asssessment berbasis android pada pembelajaran penjasorkes dalam permainan bola voli [Instruments for assessing the performance of eight years junior high schools' with an android-based peer assessment model in physical education learning in volleyball games]. Journal of Research and Educational Research Evaluation, 5(1), 8–20. https://bit.ly/3yxXMjp

Astra, I. M., Susanti, D., & Sakinah, S. (2020). The effects of cooperative learning model think pair share assisted by animation media on learning outcomes of physics in high school The effects of cooperative learning model think pair share assisted by animation media on learning outcomes of physics in. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1521, 1–7. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1521/2/022005

Bailin, S., Case, R., Coombs, J. R., & Daniels, L. B. (1999). Common misconceptions of critical thinking. Journal of Curriculum Studies, 31(3), 269–283. https://doi.org/10.1080/002202799183124

Başer, M., & Geban, Ö. (2007). Effect of instruction based on conceptual change activities on students’ understanding of static electricity concepts. Research in Science and Technological Education, 25(2), 243–267. https://doi.org/10.1080/02635140701250857

Batlolona, J. R., Wartono, W., & Hudha, M. N. (2018). How are the physics critical thinking skills of the students taught by using inquiry-discovery through empirical and theoretical overview? Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science and Technology Education, 14(2), 691–697. https://doi.org/10.12973/ejmste/80632

Bensley, D. A., & Lilienfeld, S. O. (2017). Psychological misconceptions: Recent scientific advances and unresolved issues. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 26(4), 377–382. https://doi.org/10.1177/0963721417699026

Caleon, I. (2010). Development and application of a three-tier diagnostic test to assess secondary students’ understanding of waves. International Journal of Science Education, 32(7), 939–961. https://doi.org/10.1080/09500690902890130

Darmaji, D., Astalini, A., Kurniawan, D. A., Ningsi, A. P., Romadona, D. D., & Dari, R. W. (2020). Regression of science process skills on critical thinking skills in two junior high schools in Jambi City. Jurnal Ilmu Pendidikan Fisika, 5(3), 177-186. https://doi.org/10.26737/jipf.v5i3.1788

Dewi, N. P., Martini, & Purnomo, A. R. (2021). Analisis miskonsepsi peserta didik materi sistem pernapasan manusia [Aalysis of students’ conception of human respiratory system material]. Pendidikan Sains, 9(3), 422–428. https:/doi.org/10.37891/kpej.v3i1.119

Diani, R., Irwandani, I., Al-Hijrah, A.-H., Yetri, Y., Fujiani, D., Hartati, N. S., & Umam, R. (2019). Physics learning through active learning based interactive conceptual instructions (ALBICI) to improve critical thinking ability. Jurnal Penelitian Dan Pembelajaran IPA, 5(1), 48–58. https://doi.org/10.30870/jppi.v5i1.3469

Didik, L. A., & Aulia, F. (2019). Analisis tingkat pemahaman dan miskonsepsi pada materi listrik statis mahasiswa tadris fisika menggunakan metode 3-tier multiple choices diagnostic [Analysis of levels of understanding and misconceptions on static electricity materials for tadris physics]. Jurnal Phenomenon, 9(1), 99–112. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.21580/phen.2019.9.1.2905

Dirman, H. M., Mufit, F., & Festiyed, F. (2022). Review and comparison of four-tier multiple choice and five-tier multiple choice diagnostic tests to identify mastery of physics concepts. Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan IPA, 8(1), 1–12. https://doi.org/10.29303/jppipa.v8i1.838

DuBois, B., Krasny, M. E., & Russ, A. (2019). Online professional development for environmental educators: Strategies to foster critical thinking and social interactions. Environmental Education Research, 25(10), 1479–1494. https://doi.org/10.1080/13504622.2018.1564247

Ernst, J., & Monroe, M. (2007). The effects of environment-based education on students’ critical thinking skills and disposition toward critical thinking. Environmental Education Research, 10(4), 507–522. https://doi.org/10.1080/1350462042000291038

Eryilmaz, A., McDermott, L. C., & Gurel, D. K. (2015). A review and comparison of diagnostic instruments to identify students’ misconceptions in science. Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science and Technology Education, 11(5), 989–1008. https://doi.org/10.12973/eurasia.2015.1369a

Espey, M. (2017). Enhancing critical thinking using team-based learning. Higher Education Research and Development, 37(1), 15–29. https://doi.org/10.1080/07294360.2017.1344196

Gal-Ezer, J., & Trakhtenbrot, M. (2016). Identification and addressing reduction-related misconceptions. Computer Science Education, 26(2–3), 89–103. https://doi.org/10.1080/08993408.2016.1171470

Gu, M. M. X. (2016). Risk factors of sleep disorder after stroke : A meta-analysis risk factors of sleep disorder after stroke : A meta-analysis. Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation, 24(1), 34–40. https://doi.org/10.1080/10749357.2016.1188474

Gunawan, G., Harjono, A., Muhesti, & Kusdiastuti. (2019). Increasing students ’ critical thinking skills in physics using a guided inquiry model combined with an advanced organizer. Journal of Advanced Research in Dynamical & Control Systems, 11(7), 313–320. https://www.jardcs.org/abstract.php?id=2249#

Gupita, L. L. R. (2016). Peningkatan hasil belajar dan kemampuan berpikir kritis matematika siswa kelas VB pada materi pengukuran waktu melalui pembelajaran kontekstual SDN Perumnas Condongcatur [Improved learning outcomes and mathematical critical thinking skills of class VB students on time measurement materials through contextual learning at SDN Perumnas Condongcatur] [Unpublished master's thesis]. Sanata Dharma University. https://bit.ly/3LciZSL

Halim, A., Lestari, D., & Mustafa. (2019). Identification of the causes of misconception on the concept of dynamic electricity Identification of the causes of misconception on the concept of dynamic electricity. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1280, 1–7. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1280/5/052060

Haryono, H. E., & Aini, K. N. (2020). Diagnosis misconceptions of junior high school in Lamongan on the heat concept using the three-tier test. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1806, 1–7. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1806/1/012002

Hasnawati, Niswatul, B., & Oktavianti, I. (2021). Analisis hubungan keterampilan berpikir kritis dengan kecenderungan berpikir kritis mahasiswa calon guru sekolah dasar [Analysis of the relationship between critical thinking skills and the tendency to think critically for prospective elementary school teacher students]. Jurnal Syntax Transformation, 2(6), 768–773. https://doi.org/10.46799/jst.v2i6.305

Jatmiko, B., Prahani, B. K., Supardi, Z. A. I., Wicaksono, I., Erlina, N., Pandiangan, P., & Althaf, R. (2018). Teaching model and problem based learning model effectiveness to improve critical thinking skills of pre-service physics teachers. Journal of Baltic Science Education, 17(2), 300–320. https://doi.org/10.33225/jbse/18.17.300

Jayadi, A., Putri, D. H., & Johan, H. (2020). Identifikasi pembekalan keterampilan abad 21 pada aspek keterampilan pemecahan masalah siswa SMA Kota Bengkulu dalam Mata Pelajaran Fisika [Identification of 21st century skills debriefing in aspects of problem solving skills for Bengkulu City High School]. Jurnal Kumparan Fisika, 3(1), 25–32. https://doi.org/10.33369/jkf.3.1.25-32

Jolley, D., Davis, M., Lavender, A. P., & Roberts, L. (2020). An online critical thinking course reduces misconceptions in the knowledge of personal trainers. Studies in Continuing Education, 44(1), 39–54. https://doi.org/10.1080/0158037X.2020.1738373

Kaltakci-Gurel, D., Eryilmaz, A., & McDermott, L. C. (2017). Development and application of a four-tier test to assess pre-service physics teachers’ misconceptions about geometrical optics. Research in Science and Technological Education, 35(2), 238–260. https://doi.org/10.1080/02635143.2017.1310094

Karakoc, M. (2016). The significance of critical thinking ability in terms of education. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 6(7), 81–84. https://bit.ly/3PehVkx

Khandagale, V. S., & Chavan, R. (2017). Identification of misconceptions for gravity, motion, and inertia among secondary school students. Aayushi International Interdisciplinary Research Journal, IV(XI), 197–205. https://bit.ly/3wrNkXP

King, C. J. H. (2010). An analysis of misconceptions in science textbooks: Earth science in England and wales. International Journal of Science Education, 32(5), 565–601. https://doi.org/10.1080/09500690902721681

Kizilcik, H. Ş., Çelİkkanli, N. Ö., & Güneş, B. (2015). Change of physics teacher candidates ’ misconceptions on regular circular motion by time. Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 9(1), 205–223. https://bit.ly/3PvZesL

Leasa, M., Corebima, A. D., & Batlolona, J. R. (2020). The effect of learning styles on the critical thinking skills in natural science learning of elementary school students. Elementary Education Online, 19(4), 2086–2097. https://doi.org/10.17051/ilkonline.2020.763449

Liu, G., & Fang, N. (2021). The effects of enhanced hands-on experimentation on correcting student misconceptions about work and energy in engineering mechanics. Research in Science & Technological Education. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1080/02635143.2021.1909555

Maharani, L., Rahayu, D. I., Amaliah, E., Rahayu, R., & Saregar, A. (2019). Diagnostic test with four-tier in physics learning: Case of misconception in Newton’s Law material. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1155, 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1155/1/012022

Maison, Safitri, I. C., & Wardana, R. W. (2019). Identification of misconception of high school students on temperature and calor topic using four-tier diagnostic instrument. Edusains, 11(2), 195–202. https://doi.org/10.15408/es.v11i2.11465

Maknun, J. (2020). Implementation of guided inquiry learning model to improve understanding physics concepts and critical thinking skill of vocational high school students. International Education Studies, 13(6), 117–130. https://doi.org/10.5539/ies.v13n6p117

Manunure, K., Delserieys, A., & Castéra, J. (2020). The effects of combining simulations and laboratory experiments on Zimbabwean students’ conceptual understanding of electric circuits. Research in Science and Technological Education, 38(3), 289–307. https://doi.org/10.1080/02635143.2019.1629407

Marhadi, H., Lazim, L., Hermita, N., Alpusari, M., Widyanthi, A., & Suhandi, A. (2019). Implementing a four-tier diagnostic test to assess elementary school students’ on electricity magnetism concept. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1157(3), 1–7. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1157/3/032020

Mason, M. (2007). Critical thinking and learning. Educational Philosophy and Theory, 39(4), 339–349. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-5812.2007.00343.x

Meilani, T. (2016). Pengembangan animasi simulasi komputer untuk mereduksi miskonsepsi pada konsep induksi elektromagnetik [Development of computer simulation animation to reduce misconceptions on the concept of electromagnetic induction]. Jurnal Teknika STTKD, 3(2), 56–74. https://bit.ly/39o2GoI

Métioui, A., & Trudel, L. (2021). Two-tier multiple-choice questionnaires to detect the students’ misconceptions about heat and temperature. European Journal of Mathematics and Science Education, 2(1), 23–34. https://doi.org/10.12973/ejmse.2.1.23

Minarni, Kurniawan, Y., & Muliyani, R. (2018). Identifikasi kuantitas siswa yang miskonsepsi pada materi listik dinamis menggunakan three tier-test (TTT) [Identification of the quantity of students who have misconceptions on dynamic electrical materials using three tier-test (TTT)]. Jurnal Ilmu Pendidikan Fisika, 3(2), 38–41. https://doi.org/10.26737/jipf.v3i2.578

Missa, L., Mellu, R. N. K., & Langtang, D. (2020). Pengembangan alat evaluasi fisika untuk mengidentifikasi miskonsepsi siswa kelas VIII SMP Negeri Oenino (Development of a physics evaluation tool to identify misconceptions of class VIII junior high school in Oenino. Jurnal Fisika Indonesia, 24(3), 164-169. https://doi.org/10.22146/jfi.v24i3.57639

Muhammadiyeva, H., Mahkamova, D., Valiyeva, S., & Tojiboyev, I. (2020). The role of critical thinking in developing speaking skills. International Journal on Integrated Education, 3(1), 62–64. https://doi.org/10.31149/ijie.v3i1.273

Negoro, R. A., Hidayah, H., Rusilowati, A., & Subali, B. (2018). Upaya membangun ketrampilan berpikir kritis menggunakan peta konsep untuk mereduksi miskonsepsi fisika [Efforts to build critical thinking skills using concept maps to reduce physics misconceptions]. Jurnal Pendidikan: Teori Dan Praktik, 3(1), 45-51. https://doi.org/10.26740/jp.v3n1.p45-51

Noordink, P. J., & Naidu, S. (2014). Analysis of instruction for critical thinking in distance learning materials. Distance Education, 15(1), 42–69. https://doi.org/10.1080/0158791940150105

Nur’aini, N., Didik, L. A., & Bahtiar, B. (2020). Analisis miskonsepsi tentang kemagnetan pada siswa MTS Ishalahul Muslimin Senteluk kelas IX tahun ajaran 2018/2019 [Analysis of students' misconceptions about magnetism at MTS Ishalahul Muslimin Senteluk class IX for the 2018/2019 academic year]. Relativitas: Jurnal Riset Inovasi Pembelajaan Fisika, 2(2), 8–15. https://doi.org/10.29103/relativitas.v3i1.2022

Nur, S., Pujiastuti, I. P., & Rahman, S. R. (2016). Efektivitas model problem based learning (PBL) terhadap hasil belajar mahasiswa prodi pendidikan biologi Universitas Sulawesi Barat [Effectiveness of problem based learning (PBL) model on student learning outcomes of biology education study program, University of West Sulawesi]. Saintifik, 2(2), 133–141. https://doi.org/10.31605/saintifik.v2i2.105

Octavia, E. R. A., & Z, D. K. (2021). Misconception analysis of static electricity materials in class IX junior high school. Indonesian Science Education Research, 3(2), 25–30. https://doi.org/10.24114/iser.v3i2.31239

Okolie, U. C., Igwe, P. A., Mong, I. K., Nwosu, H. E., Kanu, C., & Ojemuyide, C. C. (2021). Enhancing students’ critical thinking skills through engagement with innovative pedagogical practices in Global South. Higher Education Research and Development. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1080/07294360.2021.1896482

Osborn, S., Vassilevski, P. S., & Villa, U. (2017). A multilevel, hierarchical sampling technique for spa-tially correlated random fields . SIAM Journal on Scientific Computing, 39(5), 543–562. https://doi.org/10.1137/16M1082688

Pandey, B. K., Tiwari, H., & Khare, D. (2017). Trend analysis using discrete wavelet transform (DWT) for long-term precipitation (1851–2006) over India. Hydrological Sciences Journal, 62(13), 2187–2208. https://doi.org/10.1080/02626667.2017.1371849

Pujayanto, Budiharti, R., Radiyono, Y., Rizky, N., Nuraini, A., Putri, H. V., Saputro, D. E., & Adhitama, E. (2018). Pengembangan tes diagnostik miskonsepsi empat tahap tentang kinematika [Development of a four-stage misconception diagnostic test on kinematics]. Cakrawala Pendidikan, 37(2), 237–249. https://doi.org/10.21831/cp.v37i2.16491

Purawati, R., Hobri, & Fatahillah, A. (2016). Analisis kemampuan bepikir kritis dalam menyelesaikan masalah persamaan kuadrat pada pembelajaran model creative problem solving [Analysis of critical thinking ability in solving quadratic equation problems in learning the creative problem solving model]. Kadikma, 7(1), 84–93. https://doi.org/10.2331/suisan.35.791

Purba, E. F., & Simanjuntak, P. (2011). Metode penelitian [Research method]. Percetakan SADIA.

Putra, A., Hamidah, & Nahadi. (2020). The development of five-tier diagnostic test to identify misconceptions and causes of students’ misconceptions in waves and optics materials. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1521, 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1521/2/022020

Putri, F. S., & Istiyono, E. (2017). The development of performance assessment of stem-based critical thinking skill in the high school physics lessons. International Journal of Environmental & Science Education, 12(5), 1269–1281. https://bit.ly/3MgbviE

Rahma, A. D., Sulhadi, & Sumarti, S. S. (2016). Implementasi pembelajaran sains dengan media fotonovela untuk meningkatkan motivasi belajar siswa SD/MI [Implementation of science learning with photonovela media to increase student’s learning motivation in primary schools]. Journal of Primary Education, 5(1), 49–55. https://bit.ly/3w9nqsX

Qonita, M., Ermawati, F. U., Departement, P., Sciences, N., & Surabaya, U. N. (2020). The validity and reliability of five-tier concrption diagnostik test for vector concepts. IPF : Inovasi Pendidikan Fisika, 9(3), 459–465. https://bit.ly/3PjPscN

Rahmatih, A. N., Fauzi, A., & Ermiana, I. (2020). Hubungan motivasi dan kemandirian belajar mahasiswa calon guru sekolah dasar [The relationship between motivation and learning independence of prospective elementary school teacher students]. Wahana Sekolah Dasar, 28(2), 76–83. https://doi.org/10.17977/um035v28i22020p076

Rosita, I., Liliawati, W., & Samsudin, A. (2020). Pengembangan instrumen five-tier newton’s laws test (5TNLT) untuk mengidentifikasi miskonsepsi dan penyebab miskonsepsi siswa [Development of the five-tier newton's laws test instrument (5TNLT) to identify students' misconceptions and causes of misconceptions]. Jurnal Pendidikan Fisika Dan Teknologi, 6(2), 297-306. https://doi.org/10.29303/jpft.v6i2.2018

Safriana, & Irfan, A. (2021). Identifikasi miskonsepsi siswa dengan menggunakan three tier multiple choice diagnostic test pada materi gerak dan gaya [Identify students' misconceptions by using a three-tier multiple choice diagnostic test on motion and force materials]. Al-Madaris, 2(2), 13-22. https://doi.org/10.47887/amd.v2i2.33  

Sahin, M. (2010). The impact of problem-based learning on engineering students’ beliefs about physics and conceptual understanding of energy and momentum. European Journal of Engineering Education, 35(5), 519–537. https://doi.org/10.1080/03043797.2010.487149

Setiya Rini, E. F., Wibisono, G., Ramadhanti, A., Simamora, N. N., & Chen, D. (2020). Pengaruh kemandirian terhadap prestasi belajar siswa kelas XI di SMA Negeri 11 Kota Jambi [The influence of independence on the learning achievement of class XI students at SMA Negeri 11 Jambi Cit]). Jurnal Pendidikan Fisika Dan Teknologi, 6(2), 256-263. https://doi.org/10.29303/jpft.v6i2.2211

Setyaningsih, E., Harijanto, A., Handono, S., & Prastowo, B. (2018). Identifikasi miskonsepsi materi medan magnet menggunakan three tier test pada siswa kelas XII SMA di Jember [Identification of misconceptions about magnetic field material using a three tier test for class XII high school students in Jember]. Seminar Nasional Pendidikan Fisika, 3(1), 2527–5917. https://bit.ly/3yEmoqC

Sopiany, H. N., & Rahayu, W. (2019). Analisis miskonsepsi siswa ditinjau dari teori kontruktivisme pada materi segiempat [Analysis of students' misconceptions in terms of constructivism theory on quadrilateral material]. Mathematics Education Journal/ Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika, 13(2), 185–200. https://doi.org/10.22342/jpm.13.2.6773.185-200

Spector, J. M., & Ma, S. (2019). Inquiry and critical thinking skills for the next generation: From artificial intelligence back to human intelligence. Smart Learning Environments, 6, 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40561-019-0088-z

Steinberg, M. S., Brown, D. E., & Clement, J. (2014). Genius is not immune to persistent misconceptions: Conceptual difficulties impeding Isaac Newton and contemporary physics students. International Journal of Science Education, 12(3), 265–273. https://doi.org/10.1080/0950069900120305

Sugiarti, S., & Ratnanigdyah, D. (2021). Analysis of student science process skills on electrical material using discovery model. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1731, 1-5. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1731/1/012084

Sujito, & Pebriana, I. N. (2018). Students misconception: The developing of Socratic dialogue media on temperature and heat. Jurnal Pena Sains, 5(2), 1–9.  https://doi.org/10.21107/jps.v5i2.4551

Suliyanah, U. A. D., Kurniawan, F. K., Lestari, N. A., Yantidewi, M., Jauhariyah, M. N. R., & Prahni, B. K. (2020). Literature review on the use of educational physics games in improving learning outcomes literature review on the use of educational physics games in improving learning outcomes. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1805, 1–11. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1805/1/012038

Suo, C., Deng, X., Tan, X., Wang, K., & Zhao, L. (2017). Linearity test method for non-contact ultrasonic and transient earth voltage PD detector. Ferroelectrics, 521(1), 44–52. https://doi.org/10.1080/00150193.2017.1391012

Susanti, D., Supriyati, Y., Maulana, S., & Hakim, A. R. (2021). Analysis of students' misconception and strategic thinking skills on parabolic motion material using two-tier multiple-choice items instrument. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 2019, 1–7. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/2019/1/012050

Şenyiğit, C. (2021). The effect of problem-based learning on pre-service primary school teacher' conceptual understanding and misconceptions. International Online Journal of Primary Education, 10(1), 50–72. https://bit.ly/3FLrzXy

Tanti, T., Darmaji, D., Astalini, A., Kurniawan, D. A., & Iqbal, M. (2021). Analysis of user responses to the application of web-based assessment on character assessment. Journal of Education Technology, 5(3), 356-364. https://doi.org/10.23887/jet.v5i3.33590

Taslidere, E. (2016). Development and use of a three-tier diagnostic test to assess high school students’ misconceptions about the photoelectric effect. Research in Science and Technological Education, 34(2), 164–186. https://doi.org/10.1080/02635143.2015.1124409

Triman, Mursalin, & Odja, A. H. (2021). Misconception analysis to know the understanding of static electrical concept at SMK Bina Taruna Gorontalo by using certainty of response index (CRI). In Supardi, N. A. Ariyanti & I. Yunita (Eds.), Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Research, Implementation, and Education of Mathematics and Sciences (ICRIEMS 2020) (pp. 608–611). Atlantis Press. https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.210305.088

Türkmen, H., & Usta, E. (2016). Öğrenme döngüsü yaklaşımının fendeki kavram yanılgılarının giderilmesindeki rolü [the role of learning cycle approach overcoming misconceptions in science].  Kastamonu Education Journal/ Kastamonu Eğitim Dergisi, 15(2), 491–500. https://bit.ly/3a12Q5B

Wangchuk, S., & Penjor, T. (2020). Effect of group work in addressing the misconceptions of light. Sangay Wangchuk Tandin Penjor, 3(4), 11–34. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajr2p/2020/v3i430126

Widiyatmoko, A., & Shimizu, K. (2018). Literature review of factors contributing to students’ misconceptions in light and optical instruments. International Journal of Environmental & Science Education, 13(10), 853–863. https://bit.ly/3yChAlE

Widyaningsih, S. W., Yusuf, I., Prasetyo, Z. K., & Istiyono, E. (2020). Online interactive multimedia oriented to HOTS through e-learning on physics material about electrical circuit. Jurnal Pendidikan Indonesia, 9(1), 1-14. https://doi.org/10.23887/jpi-undiksha.v9i1.17667

Yilmaz, F. G. K., Özdemir, B. G., & Yasar, Z. (2018). Using digital stories to reduce misconceptions and mistakes about fractions: An action study. International Journal of Mathematical Education in Science and Technology, 49(6), 867–898. https://doi.org/10.1080/0020739X.2017.1418919

Yuhelmi, Devega, M., & Rismayeti. (2018). Uji linearitas menggunakan statistical product and servic solution (SPSS) untuk mahasiswa semester VII Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas Lancang Kuning [Linearity test using statistical product and service solution (SPSS) for seventh semester students of the Faculty of Cultural Sciences, Lancang Kuning University]. Jurnal Akrab Pekanbaru, 3(3), 55–63. https://bit.ly/39lsLok

Yusrizal, & Halim, A. (2017). The effect of the one-tier, two-tier, and three-tier diagnostic test toward the students ' confidence and understanding toward the concepts of atomic nuclear. Unnes Science Educational Journal, 6(2), 1583–1590. https://bit.ly/3wt1qbp

Zain, A. R., & Jumadi. (2018). Effectiveness of guided inquiry-based on blended learning in physics instruction to improve critical thinking skills of the senior high school student Effectiveness of guided inquiry-based on blended learning in physics instruction to improve critical thinking. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1097, 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1097/1/012015

Zein, S., Yasyifa, L., Ghozi, R., Harahap, E., Badruzzaman, F., & Darmawan, D. (2019). Pengolahan dan analisis data kuantitatif menggunakan aplikasi SPSS [Processing and analyzing quantitative data using the SPSS application]. Jurnal Teknologi Pendidikan Dan Pembelajaran, 4(2), 1–7.  https://bit.ly/39jgKjh

...