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procrastination academic achievement academic success meta analysis effect size

The Effect of Procrastination on Academic Achievement: A Meta-Analysis Study

Uğur Akpur

The aim of the present study is to examine the effect level of procrastination on academic achievement. To this end, a meta-analytic approach was appl.


The aim of the present study is to examine the effect level of procrastination on academic achievement. To this end, a meta-analytic approach was applied and the studies published between January 2000 and May 2020 in Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) and Academic Search Ultimate databases were included in the study. The research was limited to articles examining the correlation between the variables and, accordingly, the correlation coefficient was specified as an index to identify the effect size. After reviewing 22 relevant studies with 8307 participants, the meta-analysis was conducted through Comprehensive Meta-Analysis (CMA) software. The findings revealed that the variables were negatively correlated with each other and the overall effect size of procrastination on academic achievement was found -0.61, which can be interpreted as the medium effect size. The findings of the study endorse the main tenets of theoretical framework regarding the aforementioned link.

Keywords: Procrastination, academic achievement, academic success, meta-analysis, effect size.

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